There are many options available in the market when it comes to tiling your home or garden. You will get confused if you browse stylish tiles selection as you will realize that there are several different material types. However, the most popular among them is porcelain tile. Here in this blog, we will discuss everything about porcelain tile, including how to cut porcelain tile, installing and caring for it, and its advantages and disadvantages. 

Therefore, without further ado, let us get started.

What are Porcelain Tiles?

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Porcelain is nothing but a type of ceramic. This material is made from clay, which is baked at a very high temperature. The material from which it is made makes it more durable and resilient than old-style ceramic.

Now, one question will surely pop up in your mind – what are its magic ingredients? 

Well! Read on to know about it.

Porcelain tiles are usually made from 50% Feldspar + 30% to 40% clay + up to 15% Kaolin + up to 15% quartz + other fusible material. 

In short, because of these magic ingredients, these tiles are strong, dense, abrasion-resistant, and frost and chemical damage resistant. 

And, you know what? They are virtually resistant to water too!

Don’t you think they are just incredible? 

Please share your thoughts on this with us in the comment section below. 

Now, you must understand that what porcelain tiles are. Let us move to the next section – what are the best places to use porcelain tile. 

Where Should You Use Porcelain Tiles?

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Generally, porcelain tiles come in different shapes, styles, colors, and sizes. Therefore, you can use them wherever you desire to use it throughout your home and garden. 

However, because of its characteristics like high durability, water-resistant, frost-proof, they are the perfect candidate for floor spaces along with high footfall, bathrooms, wet rooms, and gardens.

Porcelain tiles are also an excellent choice for kitchens because they are effortless to wipe down and easy-to-disinfect. 

However, here one most important thing that you need to keep in mind is to choose a suitable class and grade for your needs. 

What are Different Types of Porcelain Tiles?

All types of porcelain tiles do not possess the same characteristics. Therefore, it is vital to select carefully. Usually, porcelain tiles are available in several different varieties. However, the most popular porcelain tiles are wall tile, floor tile, and mosaics. 

Wall Tile

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Porcelain wall tiles are ideal for showers, bathroom walls, or an excellent choice for a fun accent wall in a living room. These type of porcelain tiles comes in a variety of designs, and its design possibilities are endless. Porcelain tiles can imitate wood or stone with extraordinary realistic visuals perfect for wall installations. 

Floor Tile

how to cut porcelain tile

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Porcelain floor tiles are quite popular because of its waterproof and pet-proof capabilities. The main benefit of this type of tile is it is a tremendously durable flooring type, and with it, you can quickly achieve the bathroom or kitchen of your dreams. 

Mosaic Wall Tiles

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Mosaic wall tiles are small pieces of porcelain tiles laid out in a pattern or a mesh backing. This tile type is striking and perfect for applications like kitchen backsplashes or accent strips in showers. 

Factors to Consider While Buying Porcelain Tile

how to cut porcelain tile

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If you know what qualities you should look for while buying porcelain tile, it will help you select the top-quality porcelain flooring. Therefore, let us check out a few tips on factors to consider while purchasing a porcelain tile.

Find the Right Class or Category of Porcelain

Class 5 porcelain is the most challenging and most durable porcelain. Therefore, it is ideal for heavy use and foot traffic. On the other hand, class 1 porcelain is prone to damage from water. Consequently, it would be best if you never used it for flooring.

Search for the Right Grade of Porcelain

The grade of the porcelain indicates the quality of it. This quality is related to tile thickness. The first-rate, or we can say the highest grade of porcelain, is Grade 1. Grade 3 is the thinnest. So, grade 3 porcelain is not the perfect pick for flooring. 

Pick the right color

Usually, when it comes to porcelain, people think of the color white. However, if you do not know, then we want to tell you that porcelain is available in different fun, bold colors, and patterns. Therefore, there is no need to restrict yourself to the classics. 

How to Clean and Care For Porcelain Tiles?

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If you have installed polished porcelain tiles in your home or garden, you should avoid using steam cleaners, beach, or other strong acidic cleaning solutions. The reason behind it is it may damage the seal. 

However, when it comes to clean and care for all types of porcelain tiles, you should use LTP Waxwash. It will keep your tiles looking as fresh as the day you first installed them. 

How to Cut Porcelain Tile?

how to cut porcelain tile

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Naturally, cutting a tile is a part of any tiling job. During your tiling job, you will come to a point where you must cut some tiles. There are a few ideal methods for cutting porcelain tile. These methods can prevent chipping and provide you with your desired tiling size to complete your renovation project. 

There are three most common methods of cutting porcelain tile.

Cut Porcelain Tile Using a Wet Saw

how to cut porcelain tile

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It is one of the most efficient and highly recommended methods to cut porcelain tile. When you use a wet saw to cut a tile, you will get an exact measurement cut along with a smooth, straight edge. Usually, wet saws come with adjustable blades. So, you can easily avoid chipping. If you want to achieve an accurate cut, you should slowly feed the porcelain into the blade. 

However, before using a wet saw, you should keep in mind the following tips.

  • Make sure your blade is sharp and fresh.
  • Make use of a wax pencil to mark the cutting line. 
  • To make a cleaner cut, you should use a cutter. ‘
  • You can even mask the edges to avoid further chipping.
  • Make use of a leveler to ensure your tile and cut marks are lined up perfectly with your blade.

Of course, wet saws are not the only tool to cut porcelain tile, but they are the most accurate and efficient tools to complete this job. 

Now, let us discussed the other methods to cut porcelain tile.

Cut it with a Dremel

how to cut porcelain tile

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If you want to cut a tile manually, then you should invest in a Dremel. It is one of the most pocket-friendly and popular tools for cutting porcelain tile. Using it, you can easily cut porcelain tile. Of course, before using it, you will need more preparation. However, once you get used to this tool, cutting with it can be a breeze. 

To precisely cut using a Dremel, ensure you have a diamond tile drill bit. With it, you can cut accurate holes or slots in porcelain tile. Then, install the drill bit properly.

To cut a tile,

  • Put the drill into the tile at a 45-degree angle. 
  • Then, push it until a 90-degree angle. 
  • Do not push the tool too hard. Otherwise, it will be worn out quickly.
  • Once you reach the end of your cut line, pull out the Dremel gently.
  • If your tile is a loose square, ensure to use industry-grade clamps to secure the tile before you start cutting it. 
  • If the tile is already installed, it will be easy for you to start the cutting process.

Cut a Tile with a Nipper

how to cut porcelain tile

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Last but not least is cutting a tile with a Nipper. This tool is the best to use for smaller or short-term projects. If you want to make a circular or arched section of tiles, this tool is the perfect pick. If you’re going to make the accurate smaller cut, it will be almost impossible to do it with a wet saw. 

This tool is quite popular in the construction industry. The process of cutting a porcelain tile using this tool is similar to the methods discussed above. The only difference here is that you need to use a non-permanent marker to precisely measure and mark the areas you want to cut. Then, appropriately score the tile using a shallow cutter. 

This tile nipper usually works by hand pressure. To cut a tile,

  • Push the nipper into the tile.
  • Then, you will be able to break the piece off easily.
  • Then, use a rub brick to make the edges smooth.

Safety Tips to Follow While Cutting Porcelain Tiles

how to cut porcelain tile

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  • Always wear protective gear and goggles at the time of using saws and power tools.
  • It would be best if you use thick gloves while using a wet saw.
  • Before beginning your project, ensure you are not standing on a slippery or wet floor.
  • Keep your tools and saws correctly lubricated.
  • Always wear a mask over your mouth. So, you will not breathe in the dust which is produced while cutting a tile. 
  • If something went wrong or not working correctly, instantaneously stop using and contact an expert for help.

Once you have cut your tiles, now it is time to install it. Let us understand how to install it in the next section.

How to Install Porcelain Tiles?

how to cut porcelain tile

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Whether you are tiling a wall or floor using porcelain tiles, the process remains the same. There are three main stages of it.

  • Plan the layout
  • Apply the tiles with adhesive
  • Grout the joints before cleaning up

Advantages of Porcelain Tiles

  • Highly durable
  • Water and scratch-resistant
  • Easily handle wear and tear of your home
  • Easy to clean
  • Increase the value of your property

Disadvantages of Porcelain Tiles

  • It is costlier than other types of tiles.
  • Cutting and fitting the porcelain tile is more complicated.

Epilogue

And, finally, there you have it – a comprehensive guide to porcelain tiles including, how to cut tile. In a nutshell, porcelain tiles are sturdy and water-resistant. Therefore, they are the perfect pick for floor spaces, bathrooms, and outside in the garden.

There are various styles available in it, and it can be used to introduce diverse trends and looks throughout the home. Therefore, order its samples if you want to see which porcelain tiles suit best in your home. 

Happy Decorating!

I hope you like this blog and keep coming to Homedesignnow for more interesting tips and ideas on home improvement and decoration.