If you live in your home long enough, sooner or later you need to fix drywall. Drywall is vulnerable to cracks, holes, and dents especially when you are moving in or out. And these problems exacerbate when you have children and pets around. For perfect home décor, drywall needs to have timely maintenance. Knowing how to fix drywall becomes an important skill both for a renter or a house owner. It saves your savings from time to time expenses that you otherwise had to spend on fixing drywall. 

I have come up with the guide that will train you to fix the most common type of drywall damage- right from doorknob damage to cracks and holes. Get professional-like expertise by reading our guide on how to fix drywall in simple and easy steps. Before stepping into the drywall damage repair, you should first know some safety tips and the tools that should be kept handy while fixing drywall.

Safety Tips

Lift Carefully

Most of the home centers sell 2-ft.-sq. pieces of drywall. These are convenient to carry and are used to repair many of the drywall damages. However, if drywall needs intensive repairing, it becomes optimal to purchase a full 4×8-ft. sheet of drywall. Cut these sheets down to the size that is required. The full sheet may weigh around 54lbs. To avoid straining your back, get a helper to carry it with you. Also, you should lift the drywall with your knees and not your back.

Wear a Mask

Making drywall repair typically requires a sanding joint compound to brush off the extra compound and have a smooth polishing. However, the joint compound is a respiratory irritant. It contains super-fine gypsum and silica particles that are not good to inhale. Hence it becomes compulsory to wear a mask that covers your mouth and nose to protect your lungs.

Clean Up Dust

You should put a drop cloth on the floor while sanding the drywall. When you are done with sanding, wipe the dust off the drop cloth. You should use a dampened sponge to wipe the dust. Clean the rest of the surroundings using a vacuum cleaner that is fitted with HERPA cleaner. This cleaner is important because most household cleaners do not capture super-fine sanding dust.

Empty Bucket Warning

If you are a parent and want to redo your drywalls, keep a safety check for your child. A 5-gallon empty bucket of drywall compound joints poses a threat to toddlers around. These buckets are big enough to have to get toddlers to tumble their head into it first and then be unable to scramble out. Keep the empty buckets away in the store.

Tools Required

how to fill holes in drywall

Source: thespruce.com

Right before getting started on how to fix drywall, you must have all the required tools to fix it. Here is a quick sneak peek at the list of tools:

  • All-Purpose Joint Compound- Decide the quantity of the compound as per the size of the patch.
  • Stainless steel drywall knife.
  • Drywall repair patch.
  • Sanding screen for drywall.
  • Utility knife and a 4-inch drywall knife
  • Clean rag and a dampened sponge
  • Paintbrush and paint box
  • Nitrile gloves and a face mask

How to Fix Holes in Drywall

Regardless of what size the hole is, it is easy to fix drywalls. With the right kind of filler and proper anchoring, all your work is done. While small holes can be filled with spackle and a small putty knife, larger holes need a support and higher quantity of mud. Knowing how to fix drywall skills is an easy and inexpensive fix. In this guide, I have covered how to fix holes in drywall using an easy and simple method.

You must follow the following steps to your task done:

  • Cut a square replacement drywall piece. You must take a size that is slightly greater than the hole.
  • Hold the piece over the hole and trace around the outside with a pencil or a marker.
  • You must now cut the drywall tracing with the help of a jab saw.
  •  Put the patch inside the drywall cutting to assure that it fits and then remove it.
  • You can use a piece of wood scrap to screw into the back of the wall to provide an anchor to a new piece to screw into.
  • Now insert a new piece into the drywall gap and screw it.
  • After the new piece is inserted, you must now drywall the joint compound to the seams. You must extend some of the joint beyond the hole and then smooth it using a drywall knife.
  •  The next involves laying out the tape. You must know that the tape should be applied in a cross-shaped manner with one piece over another.  
  • Apply another layer of mud but make sure that there are no bubbles beneath the tape.
  • Feather the extra mud with a large putty knife.
  • Allow it to dry overnight. You can speed up the process of dry-up of drywall joint compound by ventilating the room and keeping the room warm.
  • Once the joint compound is light and solid, you must now sand drywall high spots with a drywall sanding sponge. Wipe out extra dust with a dry cloth.
  • Paint the patch with the color of the drywall.

how to fill holes in drywall

Image Source: thespruce.com

how to fill holes in drywall

Source: thespruce.com

how to fill holes in drywall

Image Source: thespruce.com

how to fill holes in drywall

Source: thespruce.com

how to fill holes in drywall

Image Source: thespruce.com

Pro Tip

  • To know when the drywall joint compound has dried completely, notice that it has the same shade of white with no dark spots.
  • Also, remember not to sand too much of the drywall joint compound. By the time you have sanded the final coat, the tape should not be visible over the area.

How to Fix Cracks in Drywall

Drywalls are prone to cracks and most of the cracks happen either due to the temperature or by your house settings. Due to temperature the walls, doors, and concrete naturally expand and shrink and hence get cranks. Regardless of the reason for the crack in drywall, it is easy to correct it by following 5 simple steps of my guide that will tell you how to fix cracks in drywall.

  • Firstly you must widen the crack using a utility knife. You must then brush away the dust from the crack.
  • Secondly, will the widened crack with the lightweight spackle using a putty knife. You must apply a thin layer of spackle over the entire area and smooth the same with the help of a knife.
  • Thirdly, allow the spackle to dry for 15 – 20 minutes or as per the time recommended by the manufacturer of the spackle.
  • Fourthly, you must now smooth the area using sandpaper. Brush away the debris to have smoothly polished paint afterward.
  • Lastly paint the area with the same color as that of the rest of the drywall.

how to fix cracks in drywall

Source: bauerleroofingllc.com

how to fix cracks in drywall

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how to fix cracks in drywall

Source: decoratix.com

how to fix cracks in drywall

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how to fix cracks in drywall

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Things To Know

While you may fill cracks will spackle but that is short-term solutions and cracks will come back in your drywall. It is mostly applicable for all those cracks that have a size of more than 1/2-inch. Hence, I suggest you use mud and paper tape for big cracks. Now if a crack happens again, it will not be visible on your drywall surface. Follow my easy steps to know how to fix drywall that has big cracks in it:

  • You must scrape away any loose debris or paint from the drywall in the first step. You can use a putty knife to scrape the drywall.
  • Measure the crack(s) and cut the length of tape to cover it. You must make sure that the tape extends beyond the length of the tape itself.
  • You must now apply 1/8 inches of drywall joint compound coat directly over the cracks. Apply tape after the coating is done.
  • Apply another layer of drywall joint compound over the tape. You should now feather the extra joint 3-4 inches past the edges. It is important to ensure that there are no bubbles beneath the tape.  
  • Allow drywall joint compound to dry for 24 hours.
  • You must now sand the drywall and brush off any remaining drywall joint compounds. Sanding drywall helps to achieve flawless polishing in the drywall.
  • Apply another coat of drywall joint, feathering another 3-4 inches past the existing edges of the dried joint compound.
  • Let it dry for some time. Once dried, you must again sandpaper the drywall until it is smooth. You can now wipe the extra dust using a dampened cloth.
  • Finally, you can apply paint or polish.

Pro Tip 

  • To make drywalls flawless feather the drywall compound joint beyond the repair.
  • Your goal must be to sand it down gradually from the middle of the repair to surrounding walls and let it blend completely with the rest of the drywall.

Conclusion

Dry Walls get damaged easily through the wear and tear of daily chores of life routine. Instead of calling for a professional now and then, How about learning this skill all for once? With our guide on how to fix drywall, you can learn to fix drywall in easy and simple steps.  With this skill, you become self-reliant and don’t have to wait for any outsider to redo your decor. 

I hope you like this blog and keep coming to Homedesignnow for more interesting tips and ideas on home improvement and decoration.