Native to Central and South America, parts of southern Mexico, and the West Indies, Monstera adansonii is a species of evergreen tropical vines, part of the Araceae plant family.  Besides the huge indents in their leaves, these plants develop large leaf-holes as they mature, giving them the appearance of swiss cheese. 

Either Heart or oval-shaped, the leaf is intended to capture sunlight effectively despite all those holes. They typically dwell deep in the tropical rainforests and need indirect lighting to thrive. As the plant matures, its leaves constantly develop more and more of their distinctive holes. 

These ornamental holes serve another purpose beyond filtering the sunlight down to the plant. These holes can resist high winds by letting the breeze pass through! And unlike its relative species M. deliciosa and M. adansonii always keep the full edges of their leaf so the holes remain holes instead of deep indentations.

During the spring season, Monstera adansonii develops a cream-colored flower with hints of purple. It is not seen at homes usually, but in the wild, it’s a common sight. A popular species of this popular plant is Monstera adansonii ‘Archipelago’. This specimen is visually appealing with its variegated leaf coloring.

In its physical environment, Monstera adansonii’s natural growth is as a climber and along the ground. It can grasp onto the bark of trees or other foliage by producing aerial roots from the stem. Swiss cheese vine is spectacularly quick and easy to grow, no matter which way you grow it. 

The following is a detailed exploration of Monstera Adansonii plant care. We’ll provide an insight into the best methods of care to have a lovely, vibrant Monstera adansonii year-round!

monstera adansonii care


1. Light and Temperature

In its natural habitat, Monstera Adansonii grows in partially shaded areas like rainforests and jungle. Subsequently, it performs best in sun-lit areas that mimic that environment. It can grow in shade but its growth is slowed down in the absence of sunlight. If direct sunlight is unavoidable, just two or three hours of sun exposure in the mornings will be sufficient.

Avoid full sun conditions with too much light. It will cause sunburn to the beautiful leaves, so stick with indirect light to avoid damage. Low temperatures will cause severe damage and potential plant death.

Monstera Adansonii plant care involves growing it in warm temperatures between 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit but can be in temperatures as low as the ’50s with minimal impact. Once the cold drops consistently into the ’40s, it’s best to bring your plant indoors to provide it with more warmth.

2. Water and Humidity

Monstera Adansonii plant care demands to flourish in very high humidity and high temperatures, so it makes sense that the most beautiful Swiss cheese plants are often grown in a greenhouse environment. 

Wait until the soil seems dry, and test the upper inch of the leaves. If it feels dry to the touch, dampen the soil briefly, then wait a few minutes before watering until excess comes out of the drainage holes on the pot’s base. 

Whenever possible, humidity levels should be above 50% for this plant since it’s accustomed to damp forested conditions. To increase ambient air moisture, placing a humidifier can help. If you don’t have a humidifier, placing a tray of pebbles or rocks underneath the plant and adding enough water to bring the level halfway up the rocks, so that once it evaporates, it will increase the humidity directly around your plant. The closer you can simulate the plant’s natural conditions, the better. 

monstera adansonii care


3. Soil

Swiss cheese plants are the fastest grower in peat-based potting soil. It helps trap moisture in the soil without allowing it to become waterlogged. Monstera Adansonii plant care aims for a soil pH level between 5.5 and 7.0 for good growth, and choose a pot with large drainage holes at its base.

Your Monstera Adansonii plant care requires well-draining soil. A high-peat potting mix is a good choice as it also requires some moisture retention. The peat moss will absorb its weight in water and discharge it slowly to the plants but will allow the excess to freely drain away. Additions like Orchid bark or other chunky material like perlite can be good for drainage.

Soil pH levels can be from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline between a pH range between 5.5 and 7.0.

4. Fertilizer For Monstera Adansonii

Monstera plants as a species are low to moderate feeders, but their requirements depend on their size. A swiss cheese vine receiving inadequate light conditions won’t grow as quickly nor need as much fertilizer. Larger plants with higher light conditions need more fertilizer to sustain their growth.

A good rule of thumb in the Monstera Adansonii plant care is to provide a water-soluble, balanced fertilizer diluted to half its strength on a biweekly basis. Your monstera should be perfectly happy when one of your normal watering sessions is replaced with this feeding of fertilizers. Since the plant doesn’t actively grow in the late fall or winter months, feed it once a month.

Wait for a few months before beginning a fertilizer regimen, if your potting mix included fertilizer initially. This gives the monstera sufficient time to absorb the food that was already in its soil.

5. Repotting

Typically, it’s always better to keep your monstera adansonii slightly cramped in its pot. You’ll want to make sure that it doesn’t have an undersized or oversized pot in which the roots cannot set in.

You should know that it’s time if the roots are beginning to become visible out of the bottom of the pot. Even a very tall and thick one may need to be repotted to provide it enough space to continue to grow. Ensuring a pot that has good drainage out of its base is a must.

Monstera Adansonii plant care requires the use of a fresh batch of the potting mix when replanting, as the roots will appreciate it. Take this time to inspect the roots of the plant as well. Don’t forget to remove any portions which show visible signs of rot using sterile clippers or a sharp, sterilized knife. Replant and press the plant lightly on the soil to firm it up around the roots and stems at the same depth it was at previously.

6. Propagation Of Monstera Adansonii

Monstera adansonii is widely produced via cutting as it is easy to propagate. Each of the stems develops aerial roots at its nodes and if you remove a cutting just below some aerial roots, you can plant these roots and wait for a new bud to grow out of them.

If no aerial roots are evident, select a section that has at least 2-3 nodes along the stem. Remove all the leaves except a few at the tip of the cutting, and place it in damp soil with at least 1 node beneath the soil’s surface. Keep the cutting humid and its soil moist with adequate sunlight until it begins to develop new growth.  

monstera adansonii care


7. Pruning and Training For Monstera Adansonii

As the plant grows quickly, it is important to prune your monstera. Monstera Adansonii plant care requires the removal of any dead, damaged, or brown leaves using a clipper. You can snip tips off of the stems if they are too long. This will encourage bushier and healthier growth habits. 

To ensure the vertical growth of your swiss cheese vine, make sure you have a sturdy trellis or pole as a support. Using scraps of fabric or pieces of wide, soft plastic, tie sections of the stem loosely to your pole. Leave a little room around the stem so it can breathe and move.

Over time, the monstera will latch onto its support on its own and will develop aerial roots from its stems. At that point, you can remove any securing ties, allowing it to bear its weight.

8. Growing Problems For Monstera Adansonii

Overwatering can cause the yellowing of the leaves of monstera. But discoloration can be caused by various other reasons like excess sunlight.

If you’re finding a lot of yellowed leaf surfaces, be sure your plant isn’t placed in direct sunlight – indirect light is best. If it’s not, reduce your watering frequency to what we have explained above. Let the soil dry out between watering to ensure its growth.

9. How To Care Monstera Adansonii From Pests?

Monstera Adansonii plant care entails the eradication of two pests that monstera adansonii can be susceptible to – spider mites and scale insects. Pests tend to live inside where the leaf hits the stem and also underneath the leaves so check these areas from time to time.

Cotton swabs dipped in rubbing alcohol on monstera can remove small populations of scale insects. Neem oil is recommended for spider mites or larger populations of scale. Coat all stems and leaf surfaces with a fine misting of neem oil. If conditions don’t improve, consider using a pyrethrin-based organic pesticide to eliminate these annoying little pests.

monstera adansonii care


10. Poison for Animals

Monstera Adansonii plant care should not ignore the fact that these plants can be poisonous for some. The Swiss cheese plant can be poisonous to small animals, including dogs and cats. Due to the insoluble calcium oxalate crystals found in all parts of the plant, including its leaves, stems, and roots, it is toxic in nature.  It’s important to contact animal emergency services if your pet experiences any of the symptoms mentioned below following consumption of the Swiss cheese plant.

Symptoms of poisoning include oral irritation, excessive drooling, difficulty swallowing, pawing at the mouth, and vomiting.

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